Today in our Black History Month journey we will discuss Patricia E. Bath. Patricia E. Bath was responsible for creating the laserphaco. This invention is a key component of the cataract surgery process. Bath was born on November 4, 1942 in Harlem, New York. Bath family was very supportive of her pursing academics and they even peaked her interest in science by buying her, her first chemistry set. At the young age of 16, Patricia had the opportunity to attend a cancer research workshop sponsored by the National Science Foundation. Bath findings during this program intrigued her superiors so much that they used her finding in their research report. This report would end up allowing Bath to awarded the “Mademoiselle Magazine’s Merit Award in 1960”.
After Bath completed high school within two years. She would pursue her Bachelor’s degree at Hunter College and her medical degree at Howard University. During her internship she discovered that African Americans were more than twice to suffer from blindness than other patients. She would develop a community system that would provide treatment and eye care to those who are less fortunate. Patricia you work will not go without notice. You have taken an action to ensure that we are able to appreciate the little things as small as our eyesight.
Today in Black History we will be discussing George Edward Alcorn. George is known for being a noted pioneer in the field of semiconductor devices and one of the top inventors in aerospace. Alcorn was born on March 22, 1940 in Indianapolis, Indiana. George was an exemplary student during his primary education and his post secondary education. Alcorn attending Howard University in which he earned his Bachelor’s and Master’s Degree.
After successfully completing his master’s work with Howard University Nuclear Physics program he began working with North American Rockwell. North American Rockwell was one of the leading aerospace companies at the time. In 1964, Alcorn would apply to NASA for a grant researcher position . After completing his time at NASA, Alcorn went on to work with IBM. It was during his time at IBM , that he was given the opportunity to become an educator. Alcorn would teach at Howard University and the Illustrious University of the District of Columbia (my Alma mater). in 1978, Alcorn created an imaging X-Ray spectrometer. This invention was responsible for providing data which can be analyzed for a number of applications, including obtaining information about remote solar systems and other space objects.
In 1999, Alcorn was awarded the Government Technology Leadership Award. George, I would like to thank you for the barriers you have broken for people of color in advanced sciences.
In Barbara Smith’s public addressing at the Claiming Williams. During this discussion Smith focused in on talking to the group about her writing journey begun. During this time she discusses how growing up during segregated times , her aunt had instilled in her at a young age to be kind to people. Her acts of kindness would be tested the most when she would end up in situations with those who may not like her or despise her actions. This would allow Smith to emphasis one particular saying throughout the course of the public speaking. She would state that “God Don’t Like Ugly and She’s Not Too Stuck on Pretty Either.
Smith began to elaborate more on her political activism and the impact it has had on her. The challenges that she has encountered among-st those who look like her and how these comments have affected her writing.
If you want to know more, feel free to watch the link below on YouTube. : God Don’t Like Ugly and She’s Not Too Stuck on Pretty Either
Today we will discuss Huey P. Newton.
Huey P. Newton was born in Monroe, Louisana on February 17, 1942. The year of 1966, Huey and a close friend of his name Bobby Seale began the Black Panther Party for Self Defense in Oakland, California. With the creation of the Black Panther Party, Seale and Newton set out to ensure the African Americans no longer needed assistance from the government of those who oppressed him. However, they would seek to provide a foundation where African Americans could seek refugee and assistance within their own communities.
The Black Panther Party movement grew quickly and African American’s all over the United States began to join the organization. Starting in the streets of Oakland, California and stretching as far to the streets of Harlem, New York. The Black Panthers were providing food, clothing drives, educational courses, and jobs. In addition to this, the Black Panther Party taught African Americans the in’s and out’s of the judicial system and how to protect themselves. As the party population grew due to the Civil Rights Era still prevalent, the party began receiving a lot of traction. In August 22, 1970s, the Panther Party was dismantled. Newton was murdered in August 22, 1989.
Joan California Cooper was born on November 10, 1931 in Berkeley, California. Known by her pen name J. California Cooper is an African American playwright and author. Mrs. Cooper wrote over 17 plays and named Black Playwright of the Year in 1978 for one her most famous plays Strangers.
Cooper plays were well known through various authors and it wasn’t until Alice Walker noticed these playwrights and spoke with Cooper about her writings. During this time, Walker would urge Cooper to convey her plays into fiction and write them in novels.Alice Walker would rate the literary work of Cooper as “her words are similar of Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurtson”. Cooper’s writing style could be described as similar work that Alice Walker and Toni Morrison exhibited . Cooper discussed the various problems that are was facing women of African American decent and how these issues affect us.
Cooper writing style made readers feel as though they were hearing stories handed down from an older family member. You could indulge her in her literary work and you would feel as though you were listening to your grandmother tell you a story or a friend of yours giving you some juicy gossip. J. Cooper departed at the age of 82, in September 20, 2014.
Today during our tribute to Black History Month , we will discuss the man who is responsible for inventing the first automatic refrigeration system for trucks. his man name is Frederick McKinley Jones. Fredrick was born on May 17, 1893 in Cincinnati, Ohio. Jones lost his mother at an early age and was raised by a priest in Covington, Kentucky until he was sixteen. During his teen years he returned back to Cincinnati and would become a mechanics helper. At this stage he had observed the way the mechanics worked on the cars. After watching and perfecting the mechanical skills he was promoted to Foreman. He would soon go on to create many other viable inventions such as a portable x-ray. However,due to his lack of knowledge of patents; Jones would watch other men walk away with the rewards of a similar product creation such as his.
Jones would later meet another creator Joseph Numero who was the head of the Ultra phone Sound Systems. Numero hired Hones as an electrical engineer. Jones and Numero would form a partnership called the U.S. Thermo Control Company. During this time he constructed the automated movie ticket dispenser. Jones left this world on February 21, 1961 with more than sixty patents and the first black inventor to receive the National Medal of Technology.
Today in Black History, we will discuss Daniel Hale Williams.
Daniel Hale Williams was born on January 18, 1856 in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania. Williams pursued a pioneering career in Medicine. In 1893 as African American Doctor, Williams opened provident hospital the first medical facility to have an interracial staff. Williams is also known as one of the first physicians to successfully complete surgery which is equivalent to performing heart surgery.
Williams was one out of several of his parents children and he had even inherited a barbershop from his father. Once his parents passed away, Williams took up shoemaker’s worker and barbering . Displeased with the work he decided he wanted to pursue education. It was during this time that he choose to pursue education. Williams had the honor of serving as an apprentice to Henry Palmer. Who was known as a highly accomplished surgeon and completed his further training at Chicago Medical College. Williams also worked at the Equal Rights League. This league was known as a black civil rights organization active during the reconstruction era. Daniel departed this earth on August 4, 1931.